The Global Database on Protected Area Management Effectiveness (GD-PAME) is the most comprehensive global database of management effectiveness assessments for protected areas. It indicates if a protected area documented in the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) has been assessed. The GD-PAME is a searchable database that includes assessments submitted by a wide range of governmental and non-governmental organizations to UNEP-WCMC and is updated on a monthly basis.
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There has been significant growth in the global protected area network over the past few decades. However, despite an increase in protected area coverage, biodiversity continues to decline, even within some protected areas.
Protected Area Management Effectiveness (PAME) evaluations, can be defined as: “the assessment of how well protected areas are being managed – primarily the extent to which management is protecting values and achieving goals and objectives" (Hockings et al. 2006). Evaluation of management effectiveness is recognised as a vital component of responsive, pro-active protected area management.
As of 2006, protected area management effectiveness (PAME) is embedded within biodiversity commitments made by Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The most recent commitment is found within the post 2020 Biodiversity Framework Target 2.4., calling for “effective management and equitable governance of the system of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures”. UNEP-WCMC is mandated by the CBD to collect information on Protected Area Management Effectiveness.
For further background information on management effectiveness evaluations in protected areas please refer to:
Geldmann, J., Coad, L., Barnes, M., Craigie, I.D., Hockings, M., Knights, K., Leverington, F., Cuadros, I.C., Zamora, C., Woodley, S. and Burgess, N.D., 2015. Changes in protected area management effectiveness over time: A global analysis. Biological Conservation, 191, pp.692-699.
Leverington, F., Costa, K.L., Pavese, H., Lisle, A. and Hockings, M., 2010. A global analysis of protected area management effectiveness. Environmental management, 46(5), pp.685-698.
Hockings, M., Stolton, S., Leverington, F., Dudley, N. and Courrau, J. (2006). Evaluating Effectiveness: A framework for assessing management effectiveness of protected areas. 2nd edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xiv + 105 pp.